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Worldwide, idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is an uncommon but important cause of acute and chronic liver disease. In general, the susceptibility of DILI is not related to the dose or duration of suspect medication use but rather has been attributed to novel host factors that may involve the individual patients’ microbiome, genome, or transcriptome.1 […]

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The success of standard treatment for H.pylori has steadily declined. Increased use of antibiotics in foods and medical therapy may have contributed to increasing H. pylori antibiotic resistance.1 While there are some benefits of gastric colonization by H. pylori infection, it is still recognized as a carcinogen by the World Health Organization (WHO) and most […]

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Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is a condition where bacteria are seen in excess in the small intestine.1 It is associated with numerous conditions, the foremost of which are listed in Table 1. The stomach and proximal small bowel normally contain few bacteria, and when present, this overabundance of organisms can be associated with bloating, […]