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Over the past five years, practicing endoscopists have become acutely aware of the risk to patients from duodenoscope contamination related to the fact that these instruments can continue to harbor bacteria despite adherence to reprocessing protocols recommended by endoscope manufacturers. This conundrum is ultimately distilled for patients as an unquantifiable risk of intestinal colonization and/or […]

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The prevalence of hepatitis C (HCV) in dialysis patients is higher than that of the general population, ranging from 1.8 to 8 percent in developed countries, with much higher rates in the developing world. Its prevalence correlates with the number of patient-years on dialysis. HCVinfected patients on maintenance dialysis experience increased mortality compared to uninfected […]